Volume : 3, Issue : 3, MAR 2019
Agriculture Establishment Employmentibility Status in India – A Comparative Study with Socioeconomic Parameters
Mahesh M. Kadam, Deepak Sapkal
Agricultural Establishments including agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishery play a vital role in the Indian economy. As per estimates of the Central Statistics Office (CSO), its share was 13.3 per cent of the Gross Value Added (GVA) during 2013–14 at 2011–12 bases at current prices. Primary and secondary data was compiled from economic census reports from 2007 to 2016, in order to frame the agricultural establishment employment status with socioeconomic, ownership, caste, creed and source of finance.
The report concludes that, the share of establishments engaged in livestock in rural India was 87.12% followed by agriculture other than crop production & plantation (4.89%), forestry and logging (4.79%) and fishing and aquaculture (3.20%). Thus distribution in case of urban India was livestock (82.35%) followed by fishing and aquaculture (10.53%), agriculture other than crop production & plantation (4.81%) and forestry and logging (2.31%). At all India level an average employment of 1.74 persons per establishment was observed for both the rural and the urban areas in agricultural establishments. For own account establishments this average was 1.6 persons per establishment and for establishments with at least one hired worker it was 3.07 persons per establishment. At the all India level, livestock accounted for the majority of establishments under agricultural establishments with 11.39 million establishments employing about 19.42 million workers with an average employment of 1.70 persons per establishment. It is observed that bulk 12.85 million (97.88%) of agricultural establishments were under Private Proprietary Ownership which accounted for about 22.17 million (96.87%) workers at the all India level. A total of 11.37 million establishments of the agricultural establishments were self-financed with a concentration of 91.89% in the rural areas. It is revealed that Gujarat had the maximum number of agricultural establishments (1.75 million) constituting 13.36% of all agricultural establishments in the country. It is followed by Tamil Nadu (13.31%), Maharashtra (12.12%), Andhra Pradesh (11.13%) and Uttar Pradesh (11.01%)
Agricultural establishments, employment, ownership, social groups, finance.
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