Volume : 3, Issue : 3, AUG 2019


Dr. Neelima Choudaraju


Imperialism and colonial practices dominated an entire system of representations, configuring ideological structures guided by a supposed essentialism, which, in turn, justified the oppression of women and the black population based on gender and race. This paper analyses theories that focus on a pluralistic understanding of the world. In the context of postcolonialism, the review of cultural criticism through the literature of prominent women of America proposes a critical reading about the continuity between colonial relations of domination and oppression, underscoring the dual colonisation of women. The assessment of The Bluest Eye (1970), by Toni Morrison reveals a socio-historical understanding of colonialism and its repercussions in contemporary times. The analysis of the authorial voice aims to identify how her perspectives reveal a literature of social engagement, allowing other subjects to become aware of social injustice still very present in the Americans, through the context of her narratives. Thus, the primary objective of this paper is to reflect upon the transformative potential of the literary text, as well as the origin and formation of the speech that expresses the subjectivity of the one who writes. Moreover, how in the relationship between writer and reader, the author’s voice compromised to the most diverse social realities have the highest potential of evoking other marginalized voices through literary practice. 


Postcolonialism, Feminism, Identity, borders etc.

Article : Download PDF

Cite This Article

Article No : 14

Number of Downloads : 2


  1. Alexander, Jeffrey C, et al. Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity. University of California Press, 2004.
  2. Bhabha, Homi K. “Cultural Diversity and Cultural Differences.” The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Routledge, 2006, pp. 155–157.
  3. ---. The Location of Culture. Routledge, 1994.
  4. Collins, Patricia H. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Routledge, 2002. ---. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. Routledge, 2004.
  5. Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A Black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory, and antiracist politics [1989].” Feminist legal theory. Routledge, 2018. 57-80.
  6. Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Pluto Press, 2008.
  7. ---. The Fateful Triangle: Race, Ethnicity, Nation. Harvard University Press, 2017.
  8. Lugones, Maria A. “The Coloniality of Gender.” The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Development. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp. 13-33.
  9. Mohanty, Chandra T. Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Duke University Press, 2003. Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye: A Novel. Vintage International, 1970.
  10. Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye: A Novel. Vintage International, 1970.
  11. Spivak, Gayatri C. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, Columbia University Press, 1994, pp. 66-111. ---. In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics. Routledge, 2012 ---. The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues. Taylor & Francis, 2014
  12. “Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women: Prevalence and Health Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Violence.” UN World Health Organization, 2013.