Volume : 3, Issue : 3, JUN 2019

Hypertension: A Systemic Review, Treatment and Control of Hypertension

Hakam Singh, Dr. Bharat Parashar

Abstract

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is summarised by two measurements, systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relaxed between beats (diastole). This equals the maximum and minimum pressure, respectively. Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–140mmHg systolic and 60–90mmHg diastolic. High blood pressure is said to be present if it is often at or above 140/90 mmHg.  Hypertension is classified as either primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension. Hypertension puts strain on the heart, leading to hypertensive heart disease and coronary artery disease if not treated.  Hypertension is also a major risk factor for stroke, aneurysms of the arteries (e.g. aortic aneurysm), peripheral arterial disease and is a cause of chronic kidney disease. Dietary and lifestyle changes can improve blood pressure control and decrease the risk of health complications, although drug treatment is still often necessary in people for whom lifestyle changes are not enough or not effective. 

Keywords

Hypertension, systolic, diastolic, aorta.

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